This famous upcountry town is situated 1868 meters above sea level and is in the Nuwara Eliya District. Nuwara Eliya has a Sub Tropical Highland climate, The average annual temperature varies between 11-20 C°. Monthly rainfall varies between 70-225 mm and has an average annual rainfall gure or precipitation of 1900 mm. The maximum rainfall is generally in October and the minimum rainfall is in March. Pidurutalagalais Sri Lanka`s highest mountain with a height of 2,527 m (8,292 ft) is very close to this town. During the British period this mountain was called as Mount Pedro.

World’s End

World’s End is located within the Horton Plains National Park in Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka. It is a sheer cli, with a drop of about 4,000 feet (1,200 m). It is one of the most visited parts of the Park, and a key tourist attraction in the Nuwara Eliya District and the country at large.

1 km away from the main cli is a smaller cli with a 1,000 feet (300 m) drop, colloquially known as Mini World’s End. The Indian Ocean, 81 km to the south, can be observed on clear days.

Ramboda Falls

Ramboda Falls is 109 m (358 ft) highand 11th highest waterfall in Sri Lanka and 729th highest waterfall in the world. It is situated in Pussellawa area, on the A5 highway at Ramboda Pass.It formed by Panna Oya which is a tributary of Kothmale Oya. Altitude of the falls is 945 m (3,100 ft) above sea level.

Tea production

Tea production is one of the main sources of foreign exchange for Sri Lanka (formerly called Ceylon), and accounts for 2% of GDP, contributing over US $1.5 billion in 2013 to the economy of Sri Lanka. It employs, directly or indirectly, over 1 million people, and in 1995 directly employed 215,338 on tea plantations and estates. In addition, tea planting by smallholders is the source of employment for thousands whilst it is also the main form of livelihoods for tens of thousands of families. Sri Lanka is the world’s fourth-largest producer of tea. In 1995, it was the world’s leading exporter of tea (rather than producer), with 23% of the total world export, but it has since been surpassed by Kenya. The highest production of 340 million kg was recorded in 2013, while the production in 2014 was slightly reduced to 338 million kg.

The humidity, cool temperatures, and rainfall of the country’s central highlands provide a climate that favors the production of high-quality tea. On the other hand, tea produced in low-elevation areas such as Matara, Galle and Ratanapura districts with high rainfall and warm temperature has high level of astringent properties. The tea biomass production itself is higher in low-elevation areas. Such tea is popular in the Middle East. The industry was introduced to the country in 1867 by James Taylor, a British planter who arrived in 1852. Tea planting under smallholder conditions has become popular in the 1970s.

Pidurutalagala

Pidurutalagala or Mount Pedro in English, is an ultra prominent peak, and the tallest mountain in Sri Lanka, at 2,524 m (8,281 ft). It is situated North-North-East from the town of Nuwara Eliya, and is easily visible from most areas of the Central Province. Its summit is home to the central communications array of the Government of Sri Lanka and armed forces, and serves as an important point in the country’s radar system. The peak is currently designated as an “Ultra-high security zone”, and is protected by a large military base; being strictly o limits to the general public.

On 1 March 2010, a small wildre broke out over the mountain’s forest cover. The re destroyed 3 acres (0.012 km ) of forest, before being doused by the Sri Lanka Air Force and nearly 300 local residents.

Nuwara Eliya Post Office

The Nuwara Eliya Post Oce is located in the centre of Nuwara Eliya and is one of the oldest post oces in Sri Lanka The Tudor-style two-storey red-brick building with a clock spire, was constructed in 1894 by the British. In 2012 the former living quarters of the post master, on the upper oor of the post oce, was converted into tourist accommodation. On the 26 December 1990 Sri Lanka Post issued a Rs. 10 stamp with a photograph of the Post Oce, to commemorate World Postal Day. In June 2017 the United Postal Trade Union went on a three-day strike in order to stop the government’s plans to sell the Nuwara Eliya, Kandy and Galle Fort post oces to private developers, in order for the buildings be converted into hotels.

Lake Gregory (Nuwara Eliya)

Lake Gregory sometimes also called Gregory Lake or Gregory Reservoir, is a reservoir in heart of the tea country hill city, Nuwara Eliya, Sri Lanka. Lake Gregory was constructed during the period of British Governor Sir William Gregory in 1873. The lake and the surrounding area make up the Gregory Lake Area.

The area was originally a swampy bog at the foot of the small hills that border the town. In 1873 Sir William Gregory authorised the damming of the Thalagala stream, which originates from

Mount Pidurutalagala, in order to make more land available for the expansion of the town. In 1881 the lake was stocked with trout by Mr C. J. R. Le Mesurier (Assistant Government Agent for Nuwara Eliya).

In 1913 the waters of the lake were directed into a tunnel which ows to a hydro power station at ‘Blackpool’ between the town and Nanu Oya. The power station continues to supply electricity to the town to this day. In British times Lake Gregory was used for water sports and recreational activities.

Victoria Park, Nuwara Eliya

Victoria Park is a public park located in Nuwara Eliya, next to the Nuwara Eliya Post Oce in Sri Lanka. Originally the park was the research eld of Hakgala Botanical Garden. The park was formally named in 1897 to commemorate Queen Victoria’s Diamond Jubilee. The park was established with the planting of its rst tree, an Oak, by a visiting German Princess. The Nanu Oya River runs through the park, creating a number of small lakes. A number of rare bird species can be found in the park. At the far end of the park is a small children’s playground and miniature ridable railway.

Hakgala Botanical Garden

Hakgala Botanical Garden is one of the ve botanical gardens in Sri Lanka. The other four are Peradeniya Botanical Garden, Henarathgoda Botanical Garden, Mirijjawila Botanical Garden and Seetawaka Botanical Garden. It is the second largest garden in Sri Lanka. The garden is contiguous to Hakgala Strict Nature Reserve

There are over 10,000 species of ora planted here and during the Spring season in Nuwara Eliya thousands of visitors come to see the blooms here. Number of annual visitors are around 500,000.The garden is famous for number of species of Orchids and Roses are planted there.